Cultural Rutes

This is the name of the part of Madrid built during the reign of the dynasty of the Habsburgs, from Felipe I to Carlos II, who died in 1700. In 1561 Felipe II makes Madrid the capital of the Empire. The administration moves to Madrid and then the shops, convents... arise.
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The Royal Palace was built on the site of the Royal Fortress (Alcázar Real) in the reign of the Austrias, fortress that had presided the town from the time of the Arab domination.
  But after its destruction by fire in 1734, Felipe V, the first Borbon king, decided to build a Royal Palace more in consonance with the importance of Madrid as the centre of the Court.

The building was designed by Battista Sacchetti and built between 1738 and 1764, although it suffered several later enlargements. It has been the official residence of the Spanish monarchs until Alfonso XIII abandoned Spain when the Second Republic was proclaimed. It is currently only used for official acts.

The Royal Palace, built in Classical-Baroque style, has its main entrance on the Plaza de Oriente, this entrance leads to the Plaza de la Armería, its southern part closed with a railing.

Inside the palace one can highlight the Salón del Trono, la Sala de Columnas and the Salón de Gasparini. Valuable works of art are displayed on its walls.

The Palace is surrounded by the Gardens of Campo del Moro and Sabatini.