|The Royal Palace was built
on the site of the Royal Fortress (Alcázar Real)
in the reign of the Austrias, fortress that had
presided the town from the time of the Arab domination.
|| But after its destruction by fire in
1734, Felipe V, the first Borbon king, decided to build
a Royal Palace more in consonance with the importance
of Madrid as the centre of the Court.
The building was designed by Battista Sacchetti and
built between 1738 and 1764, although it suffered several
later enlargements. It has been the official residence
of the Spanish monarchs until Alfonso XIII abandoned
Spain when the Second Republic was proclaimed. It is
currently only used for official acts.
The Royal Palace, built in Classical-Baroque style,
has its main entrance on the Plaza de Oriente, this
entrance leads to the Plaza de la Armería, its southern
part closed with a railing.
Inside the palace one can highlight the Salón del Trono,
la Sala de Columnas and the Salón de Gasparini. Valuable
works of art are displayed on its walls.
The Palace is surrounded by the Gardens of Campo del
Moro and Sabatini.